Over the last few years, I have worked closely with politicians, policy-makers and campaign groups to introduce new laws criminalising all forms of image-based sexual abuse – a term that includes ‘revenge porn’ and ‘upskirting’. English law was reformed in 2015, with Scots law the year after. These laws are a welcome start, but more must be done to better challenge these abuses and protect victims.
I have given evidence before the Scottish Parliament Justice Committee on reform proposals, as well as recommending comprehensive law reforms before Parliament’s Women & Equalities Select Committee. I actively participate in policy and political debates, most recently suggesting improvements to the laws on ‘upskirting’ including here on the BBC, outlining the harms of photoshopped images and ‘deepfakes’ in the Guardian and advocating the protection of victims by granting them automatic anonymity when reporting to the police.
Quick and easy explainers of my suggestions and recommendations can be found in my blogs including one on why ‘Revenge Porn’ Is A Form Of Sexual Assault another on why the Law Must Protect All Victims of Image-based Sexual Abuse, Not Just Upskirting and recently why laws on ‘upskirting’ must not require proof of sexual gratification.
My blog here with Erika Rackley for Everyday Victim Blaming explains why we use the term image-based sexual abuse.
This policy work is based on my research with Erika Rackley which developed the term ‘image-based sexual abuse‘ to better describe the range of abuses arising from the creation and/or distribution of intimate images without consent. A short Research Briefing which summarises the main points.
You can read the research in more depth in our article in the Oxford Journal of Legal Studies (access the full research article) which examines harms of image-based sexual abuse and set out the ways in which laws and policies need to be reformed.
We have further developed our ideas in another article which argues that all forms of image-based sexual abuse are part of a pattern of sexual violence, a form of sexual assault, and should be recognised as such. This article is published in the journal Feminist Legal Studies and is called: Beyond ‘Revenge Porn’: the continuum of image-based sexual abuse.
You can watch the video here.